Many people have seen the signs and heard the slogan: “CPR Can Save Lives” But just how effective is Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, also called CPR? What are the side effects? And, if someone is lucky enough to survive a cardiac arrest and is resuscitated, what does that mean for that person’s long term health?
Let’s look at some numbers. According to the most recent statistics provided by the American Heart Association, 88% of cardiac arrests happen at home, where there are no doctors or nurses, which is why it is so vitally important that everyone be skilled in providing CPR. The average bystander that is skilled in CPR can triple the chance that a victim survives a cardiac arrest, however the chances of receiving CPR from a non-professional in an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest situation is only approximately 32%. Furthermore, of those victims that receive CPR outside of a hospital, less than 8% survive. According to the National Institute of Health, in a hospital setting, approximately 15% of patients are resuscitated and survive to discharge, a number that has remained relatively stable over the past three decades. (more…)
CPR is short for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. It is a technique used to save a person’s life that has a sudden cardiac arrest. During this procedure, a person initiates a series of steps in order to help the victim’s blood continue circulating and maintain oxygen levels in the victim’s body. The steps include breathing (“rescue breaths”) into the victim’s lungs and compressing the victim’s chest. Let’s break this down even further to better understand CPR.
The word “cardio” basically means the heart. Our heart is one of the most important organs in our bodies. The heart is a very strong muscle, found in the chest, which expands and contracts more than 60 times every minute and pumps blood, which is rich in oxygen, from the lungs to the rest of the organs in the body. If the heart stops pumping that all-important oxygenated blood to the rest of the body, tissue begins to die because the body’s vital organs are being deprived of the oxygen it needs to survive. This can lead to organ malfunction, brain damage or, in the worst case, death.
The word “pulmonary” essentially means the lungs. The lungs are as important as the heart because when you take a breath (which you do up to 25 times a minute!), you fill your lungs with much needed oxygen and that oxygen combines with sugar to fuel your body and its vital organs. Since the tissues in our body do not store much oxygen, it is essential that they remain constantly oxygenated.
The “R” in CPR is the most important letter and it means “resuscitation.” It basically means bringing someone who is apparently “dead,” back to life. It sounds more like a sci-fi movie than it really is. The human body only has a short supply of oxygen once the heart stops and the lungs are no longer receiving adequate oxygen. Once it runs out of oxygen, cell and tissue damage ensue, which can lead to brain damage and even death. When resuscitating a victim, it is important to remember that without oxygen, cell and tissue death begins between four and six minutes after being deprived of oxygen.
But, when would you possibly need to perform this life-saving technique?
A situation in which oxygen may be prevented from reaching the lungs includes:
- Heart attack
- Electric shock
- Ventricular fibrillation (in which the heart’s rhythm goes awry)
Today, CPR learning is important for everyone including the non-healthcare professionals like teachers, coaches, personal trainers, daycare workers, babysitters, construction workers, etc. By knowing how to provide CPR, one can literally save a life! And, since over 80% of people will experience sudden cardiac arrest outside a hospital setting, by providing CPR you can possibly restore up to 40% of the normal circulation that has stopped, giving your loved one, or a perfect stranger, a greater chance at survival.
Online CPR certification and re-certification is available through CPR Select’s convenient, flexible live classes. Go to http://www.mycprcertificationonline.com/ and sign up today so that you, too, can learn to save life of victim during the crucial time.
Seeing a child that has become unresponsive or stops breathing can be terrifying. And it can happen to you or a loved one. Most researchers believe that the most common place for your child to be injured is not where you think. It’s not on the football field. It’s not at school and it’s not in an automobile on a major highway. Research suggests that over 4 million childhood injuries that result in emergency room visits occur in the home every year.
Let’s take a look at some numbers about children and accidents due to choking and drowning:
- Over 10,000 children each year choke on their food and are taken to the local emergency room.
- Over 16 million children a year are hospitalized for accidental injuries, which include drowning and choking.
- In children under the age of 5, 90% of deaths occur from small foreign objects.
- In infants, the most common cause of choking is liquids.
- 19% of children under age 14 had choking-related injuries due to candy.
- 18% of children ages 1-4 had choking-related injuries due to coins.
- Drowning is the second-highest cause of accidental injury and death in children under age 14.
- Drowning occurs in the home more than 70% of the time and it occurs throughout the year.
- Drowning is NOT seasonal. It only takes one inch of water for a small child to drown.
Now let’s look at some important Child CPR Facts:
- If CPR is done correctly and performed early enough, it could save 100-200 thousand children annually.
- Taking 25 minutes out of your time could help you save a child’s life. According to recent research a person needs approximately 5 minutes training on using an AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) and just 20 minutes training in CPR to be effective.
- More than 90 thousand people are saved every year, thanks to someone who took the time to learn CPR.
Any child who is accidentally injured in a choking or drowning accident needs CPR immediately. Given all the facts, it is vitally important that everyone who has or is around children be certified in Child CPR. Are you prepared to perform CPR on your child of any of these accidents should occur in your presence?
Remember, it only takes a few minutes of training to save a child’s life. You can help lower the staggering statistics above by learning how to perform Child CPR.