Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the essential lifesaving skills for any professional to have. People who work in the service industry, whether in security services, the hospitality or restaurant industry, or as members of a hotel staff, are strongly encouraged to have a basic knowledge of CPR techniques so they may assist any member of the public in the event of a cardiac arrest. Emergency situations happen every day, and it’s imperative to have the knowledge and confidence required to save lives with CPR.
A cardiac arrest victim can die within eight minutes if they don’t receive CPR because their major organs, including the brain, do not receive oxygen when the heart stops. This urgency makes performing CPR a vital part of saving someone’s life when they collapse from cardiac arrest. CPR manually pumps the blood, allowing it to continue to carry oxygen to the organs until emergency medical services can take over. Bystander CPR saves lives in those first critical minutes after cardiac arrest occurs, where stepping in and taking action can be the difference between the victim’s life and death. (more…)
Learn some of the important facts while performing the CPR:
Accidents happen, especially when children are involved. Children are not always aware of the consequences of their actions and therefore are more likely to be accidentally injured than adults are. Children with special needs are especially prone to accidental injury as they are often in less control of their bodies than typically developing children are. When it comes to keeping children safe from injury or illness, their caregivers, teachers, coaches, and other adults are responsible for their wellbeing. For children with special needs, the importance of having clear advocates for their physical health, when they are unable to do it themselves, becomes even more pronounced.
Children with Special Needs
Children with special needs fall onto a spectrum of required care, from those children who need very little assistance to those who need much more support. Children with special needs like Autism, Downs syndrome, and ADHD, face several significant challenges in operating in a typical day, let alone when they are in an emergency medical situation. For these children, communication, self-regulation, and basic care can be challenging on any given day, and when extenuating circumstances arise, it’s all too easy for their physical health to suffer and their unique needs to fall between the cracks. (more…)
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) has a significant impact on survival rates when performed on cardiac arrest patients outside of the hospital. To be the most effective, however, BCPR needs to be administered quickly and include the following events: immediately recognizing cardiac arrest, calling 911, performing CPR focused on chest compressions, and defibrillation with an automated external defibrillator (AED). CPR keeps blood flowing to the major organs of the body, including the brain, and using and AED will restart the heart. These procedures need to be performed immediately after the patient collapses because the chances of survival decrease rapidly with each minute that passes.
BCPR can double or triple a cardiac arrest patient’s survival rate, but unfortunately, most bystanders do not perform BCPR, even when they’ve been trained in the procedure. Less than half of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients receive BCRP. OHCA is the most common cause of death in the US and is among the most time sensitive medical emergencies. (more…)
If you’re confused about the difference between CPR and AED you’re not alone. If you’re thinking of taking a CPR or First Aid course you’re likely seeing both CPR and AED come up a lot in course descriptions and are probably wondering what they each are and which one you need to know.
What’s The Difference?
CPR stands for “cardiopulmonary resuscitation”, which is a lifesaving method used when a person’s heart has stopped. CPR requires the rhythmic compressing of a person’s chest. Your hands pumping on the chest will physically keep the blood flowing through the body to keep the organs alive. When functioning normally, the heart pumps oxygenated blood to the vital organs and when the heart stops (a cardiac arrest) it can lead to serious organ failure, brain damage, and even death, all in less than 10 minutes. CPR manually keeps the blood flowing so it can continue to deliver oxygen to the organs and can be performed while waiting for help to arrive on the scene.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) training are two different life-saving techniques, that when used together, are the most effective way of saving a victim of sudden cardiac arrest. Generally, these two techniques are taught together in first aid courses, but if you are unsure of the difference between the two, or when to use each method, keep reading.
How-to CPR posters are widely available. Everyone comes across them in public locations like restaurants and schools. A web-based image search returns thousands of results for home-made and commercially produced charts. Even though these posters are popular and easy to read, they are not an effective way to learn CPR. Printing a CPR poster does not prepare you to save a life when an unexpected emergency occurs.
There are many reasons why printing a CPR poster will not help save a life:
- Posters cover only the most basic details
- Retrieving an reviewing a poster takes time away from treating the victim
- Posters do not answer rescuer’s questions nor provide detailed explanations
- The poster may contain incorrect or out-of-date information
CPR is short for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. It is a technique used to save a person’s life that has a sudden cardiac arrest. During this procedure, a person initiates a series of steps in order to help the victim’s blood continue circulating and maintain oxygen levels in the victim’s body. The steps include breathing (“rescue breaths”) into the victim’s lungs and compressing the victim’s chest. Let’s break this down even further to better understand CPR.
The word “cardio” basically means the heart. Our heart is one of the most important organs in our bodies. The heart is a very strong muscle, found in the chest, which expands and contracts more than 60 times every minute and pumps blood, which is rich in oxygen, from the lungs to the rest of the organs in the body. If the heart stops pumping that all-important oxygenated blood to the rest of the body, tissue begins to die because the body’s vital organs are being deprived of the oxygen it needs to survive. This can lead to organ malfunction, brain damage or, in the worst case, death.
The word “pulmonary” essentially means the lungs. The lungs are as important as the heart because when you take a breath (which you do up to 25 times a minute!), you fill your lungs with much needed oxygen and that oxygen combines with sugar to fuel your body and its vital organs. Since the tissues in our body do not store much oxygen, it is essential that they remain constantly oxygenated.
The “R” in CPR is the most important letter and it means “resuscitation.” It basically means bringing someone who is apparently “dead,” back to life. It sounds more like a sci-fi movie than it really is. The human body only has a short supply of oxygen once the heart stops and the lungs are no longer receiving adequate oxygen. Once it runs out of oxygen, cell and tissue damage ensue, which can lead to brain damage and even death. When resuscitating a victim, it is important to remember that without oxygen, cell and tissue death begins between four and six minutes after being deprived of oxygen.
But, when would you possibly need to perform this life-saving technique?
A situation in which oxygen may be prevented from reaching the lungs includes:
- Heart attack
- Electric shock
- Ventricular fibrillation (in which the heart’s rhythm goes awry)
Today, CPR learning is important for everyone including the non-healthcare professionals like teachers, coaches, personal trainers, daycare workers, babysitters, construction workers, etc. By knowing how to provide CPR, one can literally save a life! And, since over 80% of people will experience sudden cardiac arrest outside a hospital setting, by providing CPR you can possibly restore up to 40% of the normal circulation that has stopped, giving your loved one, or a perfect stranger, a greater chance at survival.
Online CPR certification and re-certification is available through CPR Select’s convenient, flexible live classes. Go to http://www.mycprcertificationonline.com/ and sign up today so that you, too, can learn to save life of victim during the crucial time.
Seeing a child that has become unresponsive or stops breathing can be terrifying. And it can happen to you or a loved one. Most researchers believe that the most common place for your child to be injured is not where you think. It’s not on the football field. It’s not at school and it’s not in an automobile on a major highway. Research suggests that over 4 million childhood injuries that result in emergency room visits occur in the home every year.
Let’s take a look at some numbers about children and accidents due to choking and drowning:
- Over 10,000 children each year choke on their food and are taken to the local emergency room.
- Over 16 million children a year are hospitalized for accidental injuries, which include drowning and choking.
- In children under the age of 5, 90% of deaths occur from small foreign objects.
- In infants, the most common cause of choking is liquids.
- 19% of children under age 14 had choking-related injuries due to candy.
- 18% of children ages 1-4 had choking-related injuries due to coins.
- Drowning is the second-highest cause of accidental injury and death in children under age 14.
- Drowning occurs in the home more than 70% of the time and it occurs throughout the year.
- Drowning is NOT seasonal. It only takes one inch of water for a small child to drown.
Now let’s look at some important Child CPR Facts:
- If CPR is done correctly and performed early enough, it could save 100-200 thousand children annually.
- Taking 25 minutes out of your time could help you save a child’s life. According to recent research a person needs approximately 5 minutes training on using an AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) and just 20 minutes training in CPR to be effective.
- More than 90 thousand people are saved every year, thanks to someone who took the time to learn CPR.
Any child who is accidentally injured in a choking or drowning accident needs CPR immediately. Given all the facts, it is vitally important that everyone who has or is around children be certified in Child CPR. Are you prepared to perform CPR on your child of any of these accidents should occur in your presence?
Remember, it only takes a few minutes of training to save a child’s life. You can help lower the staggering statistics above by learning how to perform Child CPR.
Everybody should learn how to perform Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), almost 70% of Americans don’t know how to do CPR if somebody is experiencing a cardiac emergency or people follow wrong techniques to perform CPR. According to a survey more than 75% of cardiac arrests occur at home where patients depend on the immediate respiratory care response of their family members. Thus, knowing the correct CPR process can help saving the life of loved ones.
Below are the crucial steps used while administering CPR on an adult:
- Ask the victim, “are you ok?” to check for consciousness. Try tapping on the shoulders to stimulate the victim. If the victim is truly not breathing and requires CPR, continue with the sequence.
- Position the victim laying flat on his back. Open or remove the victim’s shirt to provide access to the chest. Kneel next to the victim and position the hands on the victim’s chest.
- The heel of one palm should be placed on the center of the chest, in line with the victim’s nipples. Place the heel of the other hand on top of the first and interlock fingers.
- The fingers should point towards the victim’s nipples, with the long axis of the hand parallel to the ribs. This reduces the chance of rib fractures.
- Compression are delivered with the heel of the palm. Fingers should not make contact with the chest during compression. It may be necessary to extend or curl the fingers under to achieve this position.
- The rescuer should keep his elbows straight, shoulders over the hands, and lean over the victim. This creates a posture that allows hard and fast compression to be delivered.
- When administering compression to a small child, only one hand may be needed.
- Begin with 30 chest compression at a rate of at least 100 compression per minute. Allow the chest to completely recoil between compression. Press on the center of the chest. It may be helpful to count the compression out loud as they are administered to keep track of progress.
- For adult victims, the compression should be two inches deep.
- For child victims, the compressions should be 1/3 the chest diameter, or about two inches deep.
Following the cycle of 30 compression, administer two ventilation:
- Open the victim’s airway by tilting the head back and lifting the jaw. This lifts the victim’s tongue from the back of the throat, allowing air to pass into the lungs.
- Look into the victim’s mouth and remove any visible obstructions.
- Position the fact shield or other protective device if one is available.
- Pinch the victim’s nostrils closed to prevent air from escaping.
- The rescuer should take a deep breath and position his mouth around the victim’s mouth. The rescuer uses his lips to form a seal around the victim’s mouth to prevent air from escaping.
- Blow into the victim’s mouth until his chest rises. This takes about two seconds.
- Allow the victim’s chest to fall, about four seconds.
- Blow into the victim’s mouth a second time, forming the second ventilation of the cycle.
- The entire ventilation sequence should take less than 10 seconds.
- Alternate between 30 compressions and 2 breaths. If multiple rescuers are present, take turns administering compressions to prevent fatigue, switching every two minutes.
- Administer the AED as soon as it is available. Repeat AED use after five cycles of CPR.
If the victim’s chest does not rise during ventilations:
- Check the head position to ensure the airway is open. It may be necessary to tilt the head father back.
- Check for foreign material inside the mouth.
- Ensure that the nostrils are completely closed and that there is a tight seal around the victim’s mouth.
Alternative forms of respiration:
- If the victim has a stoma, or opening in the front of the neck used for breathing following a larynx removal, the rescuer needs to breathe into this opening instead of the mouth. It may still be necessary to hold the mouth and nostrils closed.
- If severe mouth injuries are present, preventing a tight seal from being formed around the victim’s mouth, the rescuer can breathe into the victim’s nose. Hold the mouth closed while you blow into the nose. Open the mouth to let the air out.
The more people available for these steps, the better. However, if someone is alone he/she should call 911 for emergency medical services before starting CPR treatment.
CPR Select provides you with nationally and internationally-accepted online CPR/AED First Aid certification program. The courses exist completely online, with no face-to-face requirements. All the materials are designed and approved by American Heart Association (AHA) trained doctors.