Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a state in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. If this happens, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. In addition, if the heartbeat is not restored with an electrical shock immediately, death follows within minutes. SCA accounts for more than 350,000 deaths in the U.S. each year. The Bystander CPR and AED use are crucial to survival. Thus, learning CPR is important, not only for medical professionals, but for anyone.
Symptoms of Sudden Cardiac Arrest:
- No pulse
- Chest pain
- Heart palpitations
- Lack of breathing
Chain of Survival
The Chain of Survival is a treatment method designed by the American Heart Association to treat victims with sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). In this condition, the victim’s heart twitches irregularly, stopping the flow of blood and oxygen throughout the body. SCA is fatal unless medical intervention is provided in a timely manner. The chain of Survival’s structure gives rescuers a protocol to follow, increasing the victim’s chance for survival. Each minute that passes between the onset of symptoms and intervention increases the victim’s chance of death by up to 10%.
There are five steps in the chain:
- Immediate recognition of cardiac arrest, call 911
- CPR with emphasis on chest compressions. Continue CPR until medics arrive
- Rapid defibrillation with an AED (this is necessary to restore a normal heartbeat) within minutes of the onset of symptoms
- Advanced life support, administered by trained medics
- Post-cardiac arrest care, administered in a hospital setting
Why Learn CPR/AED?
Cardiac arrests are more common, and they can happen to anyone at any time. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) uses chest compressions, which move blood from the heart to the brain and internal organs, as well as mouth-to-mouth ventilation, to provide the victim with oxygen. An automated external defibrillator (AED) device designed to walk bystanders through administering CPR and defibrillating the victim if needed.
Effective bystander CPR provided immediately during the sudden cardiac arrest can double or triple a victim’s chance of survival. For this reason, doing CPR/AED certification course is extremely essential that can save the life of loved ones.
A person chokes when a foreign object becomes trapped at the back of the throat, either blocking the airway of causing a muscle spasm. Choking in adults is often caused by improperly chewed foods. In addition to choking on food, an infant or child may put a small object in their mouth that becomes trapped in the throat.
Symptoms of Choking:
- Difficulty speaking
- Trouble breathing
- Congested face turning to a gray-blue color
- Distress signs, such as pointing to the throat or grasping the neck
Treatment for a Conscious Adult Choking Victim:
- Choking requires immediate action
- Ask, “Are you choking?” If the victim can respond by speaking or coughing, there is no need to begin medical treatment. Continue to monitor the victim.
- If the victim is unable to speak or cough, begin the Heimlich Maneuver, a system of abdominal thrusts that work to clear the throat:
- The rescuer stands behind the victim, bringing his arms around the victim’s abdomen
- The rescuer will make a fist with one hand, placing his thumb against the victim’s abdomen. The opposite hand reaches around the victim and grasps the fist to provide support
- The rescuer links his hands below the victim’s rib-cage and pulls inward and upward with a strong force until the object is expelled
- Discontinue the Heimlich Maneuver when the victim begins to cough, speak, or lose consciousness
Treatment for an Unconscious Adult Choking Victim:
- Call 911
- Lay the victim face up on the floor
- Use one hand to support and position the victim’s chin. Use the thumb of that hand to depress the victim’s tongue while grasping the chin with the palm and fingers. At the same time, lift the jaw. Use the index finger of the opposite hand as a hook to clear any foreign materials inside the victim’s mouth
- Open the victim’s airway by tilting the head back and raising the chin. Attempt to ventilate the victim (as explained in the CPR guidelines). If the airway is still blocked, re-position the head and attempt to clear it again. If this is still not effective (the chest does not rise), begin compression
- The rescuer should kneel next to the victim and stack his hands over the middle of the victim’s chest. Deliver a series of 15 compression, as used for CPR. Alternate series of 15 compression with attempts to clear the victim’s airway and ventilate, as described in the earlier steps.
- Discontinue compression when the object is ejected, rescue breathing is successful, or the victim begins to breathe independently. Place the revived victim in the recovery position.
Today, learning CPR is a fast and easy process with online CPR Certification course. One can take these live classes anywhere on any device, making it simple to fit this AHA approved training into the busy schedule. Whether people are seeking initial certification or need re-certification for CPR training, CPR Select have a professional course to fit the needs. Hence, by learning adult CPR, one could potentially save a life.