You must be wondering what AED stands for. AED is automated external defibrillator which is a device used for giving first aid to heart patients.
Wikipedia defines the AED as:
“A portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmia’s of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient, and is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electrical therapy which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.”
In simple words, it is a device that lets you monitor the heart rate of a patient and if necessary give electric shocks to the patient’s heart to stabilize it. Even though the device sounds technical, it is designed simply so even a layman can use it. AED training and certification is available during first aid workshops, first responder and basic life support and CPR training programs. An AED can be used is life threatening situations where the patient’s heart is working, but its heart rate pattern is fatal.
How does AED work?
Learning to use an AED is highly intuitive and astonishingly simple. Many people have reported that it is far easier than learning CPR. Current AED courses usually last about three to four hours, include hands-on practice and help increase user competence and confidence.
An AED can be used to shock a patient’s heart back into a normal beating pattern. It is important to bear in mind that an AED only complements manual CPR in life threatening situations.
The AED protocol has seven basic steps:
- Check unresponsiveness.
Establish that the patient is unresponsive or unconscious. You can try talking to the patient, moving things in front of his eyes to check whether his pupils follow, or even gently tap the patient’s face to see if he or she responds.
- Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number (if applicable) and retrieve the AED.
Even if you have an AED with you, it’s important to notify EMS.
- Open the airway and check for breathing. If there is no breathing or breathing appears abnormal, give two slow breaths.
When the heart stops, even though there is no circulation, the victim may continue ineffective breathing motions. Ensure that the windpipe is straight and that there are no obstacles blocking the nostrils or the mouth. Also, there should be no pressure on the throat to allow for easy breathing.
- Check for a pulse. If there is no pulse, turn on the AED. A second rescuer should continue CPR until the AED is attached.
If there is no pulse, turn on the AED power. Press the “on” button or open the lid, depending on the device. If a second rescuer is available, he or she should continue CPR until the AED is attached.
- Attach the AED electrode pads.
Bare the victim’s chest and make sure it is dry. Remove the adhesive AED electrode pads from the package and attach them firmly to the chest, as illustrated on the package. It is very important to place pads correctly so that the electric current passes through the heart. One pad should be placed on the victim’s upper right chest, the other on the lower left chest. Thick chest hair should be removed prior to pad placement to ensure adequate contact.
- Analyze the heart rhythm. Make sure no one is touching the victim.
Some AEDs analyze the heart rhythm automatically. Other models prompt you to press the analyze button. Follow the AED’s prompt and call out, “Analyzing rhythm, stand clear!” or “I’m clear, you’re clear, we’re all clear!” or words to this effect. Make sure no one is touching the victim when the AED is analyzing.
If the AED indicates “shock advised” go to step 7.
If the AED indicates that the victim does not need to be shocked, check his or her pulse again. If there is no pulse, do CPR (ventilation and chest compression) for one minute, instruct onlookers to stand clear, and analyze again. Repeat this sequence of CPR and analysis every minute until help arrives.
- Press the “shock” button, if advised. Make sure no one is touching the victim.
If the AED determines that the victim does need to be shocked, it will prompt you to press the shock button. To ensure the safety of onlookers, make sure no one is touching the victim. Call out, “Shock indicated. Stand clear!” Or, say, “I’m clear, you’re clear, we’re all clear,” or words to this effect. Then, press the shock button. Sometimes, the victim will be revived after just one shock.
- After the first shock is delivered, immediately analyze again. If the AED advises that another shock is needed, press the shock button a second time.
- After the second shock is delivered, immediately analyze again. If the AED advises that another shock is needed, press the shock button a third time.
- After three shocks, if the victim still has no pulse, do CPR (ventilation and chest compression) for one minute.
Then, if there still is no pulse, give additional sets of three quick shocks, interspersed with one minute of CPR, until the AED prompts that no shock is indicated.
Note: The AED will deliver appropriate energy levels for each shock. Continue cycles of one minute of CPR followed by heart rhythm analysis and appropriate shocks until advanced help arrives.
The most important thing to remember when using an AED is to confirm that the victim is unresponsive, not breathing normally and pulseless. For all such victims in confirmed cardiac arrest, turn on the power, analyze, and the AED will coach you through the rest of the steps with visual and/or audio prompts. There is no need to be anxious. Even if you get flustered, as people often do in emergencies, the AED will be your guide.
Sources: Wikipedia, early-defib.org
There are little things in life that really restore your faith in humanity – and CPR. A little help from someone at the right time can save a life. If you don’t believe it, you’re in for a surprise! What we’re about to tell you is a story that won’t only motivate you to learn CPR but realize the importance of lending a helpful hand when you can.
This is the story of Joyce Gregory, 60, who was driving a metro bus one day when she felt her heart rate become abnormal. She did the first thing a human’s instinct told her to do. She cried for help. The bus driver, Debby Kerr, had just stepped off the bus for a few moments when she heard the cries of “I need help. My heart. My heart,” issuing from inside the bus. She rushed inside to find a regular rider, a mentally challenged man, supporting a semi-unconscious Joyce and preventing her from falling into the aisle.
Debby Kerr didn’t freeze on the spot or lose her senses. She remained calm and urgently contacted her dispatcher and informed them of the situation. The dispatcher was told to get medical aid immediately. But looking at Joyce, Kerr knew that time was running out. “Her eyes were already rolling back and her head was dropping. I knew this lady was in trouble right then and there,” Kerr recalls. She remembered that Coach Operator Donna Wright would be arriving shortly on her bus route and she dispatched an oncoming passenger to summon Wright.
Upon the arrival of Donne Wright, both her and Debby Kerr tried to revive Joyce. Kerr had not had a CPR class in 25 years and she had never practiced CPR on a real person, let alone in a pressure situation. Wright had received CPR certification four years earlier and it was her first time with a hands-on experience as well.
“I remember thinking, ‘Jesus, if you’re ever going to answer a prayer, I need your help right now,’” Kerr was praying. Both bus drivers continued their efforts of reviving Joyce but to no avail. Joyce seemed unresponsive. Soon emergency personnel arrived and took over the reviving efforts. They transported Gregory to Bronson Methodist Hospital.
“I just kept thinking, ‘My God, I’m the last one she looked at and spoke to,’” Kerr recalled. “I’m an emotional person and we were under the impression she didn’t make it. I went through the whole weekend praying.”
Obviously, the whole incident had both the bus drivers emotionally attached to Joyce’s outcome and they were eager to hear good news, though their hopes weren’t very high. “It was really disheartening to think that she had passed away that close to the holidays,” Wright added.
The following Monday, Metro Transit attempted to find out the woman’s name, and know where the agency could direct its condolences. Transit director Bill Schomisch found out that she was very much alive, in the hospital, scheduled for surgery. Kerr and Wright were very relieved at the news and shared the credit for helping give emergency aid to a rider in need.
The Oshtemo first-responders on the scene also took the time to make sure the two drivers had not been shaken or traumatised by the experience. But both Kerr and Wright admitted that they were happy to have served someone and been of some help. “The good Lord was looking after all of us; He had His hand right there,” said Wright. Kerr added, “Something good came the end of that day. We weren’t alone in that bus. I feel very blessed.”
Joyce Gregory, who loves poetry, singing and making people laugh, is recovering from triple-bypass surgery, according to her sister Michelle Gipson. They are among 14 siblings. The family plans to have Kerr and Wright to dinner and some hot-tub time. What’s more? All three of them: Gipson, Wright and Kerr are planning to continue their CPR classes because you never know – a stitch in time saves nine!
Lawmakers are considering the possibility of making CPR training compulsory for graduation from high school, so that it would not be possible to graduate from high school without a certificate of completion proving that students are not only aware of the basics of CPR, but also know how to implement it correctly.
Such a bill was brought up by the Education Committee and was recently passed for hearing. The justification behind this bill is the fact that CPR training can prove instrumental in saving lives in the case of a cardiac arrest.
Questions were taken regarding the bill while lawmakers and representatives answered questions and addressed the concerns of the committee. The primary concern was whether or not each classroom required an automated external defibrillator (AED) and it was clarified that this was not the case. However, as part of the program, extensive AED as well as CPR training would be given. This allows students to gain not just the theoretical and practical experience necessary to administer CPR, but also be familiar with the equipment that can be used.
The speaker talked about how it would only suffice to provide both written as well as practical proof of successfully completing CPR training.
This bill was supported by two individuals who had survived cardiac arrests. They mentioned how it would not have been possible for them to have survived had no one been around to administer CPR correctly and at the right time. It was also supported by another woman who had lost her young son to an unexpected cardiac arrest. She explained how his life could have been saved had someone been nearby to administer CPR at the critical time.
The movement was proposed based on the fact that the number one killer of Americans has been heart disease, while cardiac arrest is the number one reason of death among young athletes.
While education officials were more or less in agreement on the benefits of introducing the training, they were also concerned over the idea of adding on another graduation requirement for, as they felt, already overburdened students. They felt that students were already struggling to complete the already existing requirements of the high school system, and adding on another requirement would make things difficult for them. They recommended that CPR training should not be made compulsory. Rather it should only be voluntary and students should be able to obtain the training outside the environment of their respective schools. There were also keen on finding out how much implementation of the bill would cost the state. This is of special concern in a situation when the education sector is already suffering as a result of state budget cuts in education funding.
As of right now, it is expected that the bill will kick in for those expected to graduate in 2016. Next week, however, the committee will be taking further action to explore the implementation of the bill.
Twitter is a widely employed social website that serves for interaction within masses and people share their personal opinions, feelings and activities like having dinner or walking alone in rain or being divorced but over the past few years, Twitter is being used for much meliorate purposes. People are turning towards finding and posting information about certain cardinal ailments and health conditions. Researchers have found more than 15,000 tweets or messages on the social website over a month that included information about Resuscitation and Cardiac arrest. It is exciting to find people turning to twitter for Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) information and meaningfully discussing it.
Twitter has previously been used by researchers and other organizations for public health matters and it is quickly transforming into educational tool for health care professionals and educationists allowing them to respond to the public queries and finding ways of public education about CPR and other important health issues. Thousands of messages are being circulated already containing specific information about CPR only, taking into account education, research and news events.
The research study’s lead author Raina Merchant who also is a professor at the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania stated,
“From a science standpoint, we wanted to know if we can reliably find information on a public health topic, or is (Twitter) just a place where people describe what they ate that day,”
Regarding such outbreaks, “Right now, it’s mostly an educational tool for public health officials or professionals,” said Dr. Gunther Eysenbach, editor and publisher of the Journal of Medical Internet Research and of the University Health Network in Toronto.
The researchers for the study created a Twitter search for key items such as CPR, AED (automated external defibrillators), resuscitation and sudden death. Among the messages circulated regarding cardiac arrest and resuscitation, a few were about specific cardiac events but a large percentage was related to methods of performing CPR and AED.
“I think the pilot (study) illustrated for us that there is an opportunity to potentially provide research and information for people in real time about cardiac arrest and resuscitation,” Said Merchant.
She also figured,
“I can imagine in the future we will see systems that would automatically respond to tweets of individual users. Twitter is a really powerful tool, and we’re just beginning to understand its abilities. “People should join the conversation and tweet. And healthcare providers should really be part of that conversation,”
There are about 500 million accounts on twitter and there is a need of developing a sound method by which the tweets can be filtered allowing the healthcare practitioners to respond to peoples’ question in quick time thus opening new and convenient ways of public education.
The purpose of the Good Samaritan Law is to guard individuals that support a victim during a medical emergency. Many Good Samaritan laws are generated precisely for the overall public. The law undertakes that there is no medically skilled person available to support the casualty. Since the Good Samaritan usually does not have medical training, the law protects him or her from being responsible from injury or death caused to the victim during a medical emergency. Each law looks after different individuals.
A common amateur is protected under the Good Samaritan laws as long as he or she has good targets to aid the victim to the best of his or her capability during a medical emergency. Under some Good Samaritan Laws, as long as medical employees, such as doctors, nurses, or medical responders, are following normal procedures, they too will be protected under the Good Samaritan laws.
Ultimately, the good Samaritan laws state that when supporting in an emergency condition, as long as you only do as much as a good and sensible person with your level of training would do in the same situation and also you do not expect compensation for adaptation aid, then you are not legally held responsible for any injury or death that may occur. However, note the section about discretion and training. If, for example, you aren’t trained to perform CPR, and you perform it anyway, then you may be held responsible if the person gets injured. These laws were considered to allow people to help others without panic of being sued or prosecuted if something went wrong.
In specific states, Good Samaritan laws only cover medically trained rescuers, while other states spread protection to the universal public. The Good Samaritan idea is regularly applied in the courts, which means a case going that far may still be ruled in favor of the rescuer who was trying to help. What Good Samaritan laws do for rescuers is offer a get-out-of-court-free card. In other words, unpaid rescuers may conquer in court with or without a Good Samaritan law, but it’s a lot cheaper if they have the protection.
Good Samaritan laws were originally projected to protect physicians and others with medical training. Over time, court decisions and legislative changes have helped some laws change to include untrained rescuers who render aid. There are numerous versions of Good Samaritan laws.
Depending on the state, getting satisfied after the fact can also count as anticipation of reward. If you help somebody at a car accident and then are rewarded financially or otherwise, you may be barred from Good Samaritan protection. Good Samaritan laws do not secure you from everything. It is human nature to make mistakes.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for infants or as we may say babies below 1 year age requires special consideration since they carry the risk of being infected by contagious diseases. So the first step towards CPR for infants is self-protection and universal precautions should be observed for that. For infants below the age of 1 month, their under feet should be tapped or rubbed as they respond well to it. Shoulders or chest should be rubbed for those above 2 months of age. In addition, they should be called loudly and tried to be woken up. They should be closely observed for any kind of movement or sound.
Closely observe the chest movement and listen & feel for breathing by placing your ear close to the baby’s mouth and nose. Feel the breath on your chin and in case of breathlessness, the breastbone should immediately be pressed by putting on 2 fingers between the baby’s nipples followed by a small push up to one and a half inch and then letting the chest back to its position.
Make sure not to press the very end of breastbone. This should be repeated twice in a second up to 30 times. The procedure should be repeated for 2 minutes followed by 2 rescue breaths. The breaths should be given by closing the nostrils that should make the chest rise. This procedure should be repeated until further help arrives or when baby starts breathing again.
In case of uncertainty whether the baby is breathing or not, CPR should preferably be performed instead of not carrying it out assuming the condition to be stable and while doing it, the baby’s head should be kept tilted back. The tongue should be moved away from the windpipe by lifting the infant’s chin with the head still tilted back. In case of a suspected spinal injury, moving the head or neck should be avoided and only jaw should be pulled forward without letting the mouth close.
The major reasons that contribute to stoppage of heartbeat and breathing might be choking, electric shock, suffocation, head trauma, blood loss or poisoning that may lead to unconsciousness. Brain damage may be permanent if oxygen supply is depleted for 4 minutes followed by death in later 4-6 minutes.
CPR in infants should be carried out with a lot of care and precision using only two fingers, the index and the middle finger with the other hand on the forehead bringing the subject into sniffer’s position. Once the baby restores breath, CPR should be stopped immediately. Continuing it may cause the heart to stop functioning due to stress overload. All this procedure however can never be a substitute for proper CPR training.
Your breathing and heartbeat can stop for a number of reasons, from heart attack to blood infections to accidents. Nevertheless, death does not have to be the outcome. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, known as CPR, was established to help increase your chances of survival. This is done to save the lives of people as they wait for the arrival of an ambulance. This skill helps bring somebody back to consciousness in cases where it had been lost.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is a process in which you mainly try to restart someone’s breathing or heart by physically condensing the person’s chest and pushing air into the lungs by breathing into the person’s mouth.
The most communal cause of death from a heart attack in adults is a trouble in the electrical rhythm of the heart called ventricular fibrillation.
- Ventricular fibrillation can be treated, but it involves applying an electrical shock to the chest called defibrillation.
- If a defibrillator is not readily available, brain death will occur in less than 10 minutes.
- One way of buying time until a defibrillator becomes available is to provide artificial breathing and circulation by performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR.
- The earlier you give CPR to a person in cardiopulmonary arrest (no breathing, no heartbeat), the greater the chance of a successful recovery.
CPR is mainly very important as it saves lives and is quick and effective if people are trained and know how to do it. You never know when an emergency will present itself that needs the immediate need for CPR and first aid. There is no way that you can calculate when a disaster or event will take place in which the life of someone dear to you or even a stranger could easily be saved if you are properly trained to handle the situation. That is why CPR is so important. The good news is that you take part in CPR Online training classes that can quickly and easily provide you with the skills and resources that you need in order to quickly learn the necessary skills needed in order to perform CPR or first aid in an emergency situation.
Not only is CPR certification good to have in case an emergency presents itself to you, but many jobs during the world actually involve that their employees have such certification skills. Societies that concentrate in child care will generally require their employees to obtain CPR certification. Having CPR certification in advance can significantly improve the general quality of your current resume. Many companies are pleased to learn that an applicant has these much anticipated skills and may actually hire you over another individual who has the same job related skills just because you have a valid CPR certification.