Difference Between CPR Training for Children and Infants

Robert E. O ’Connor of the University of Virginia school of medicine researched Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Infants and Children in which the results showed a worrying trend. The rates of mortality among infants and children who have been exposed to cardiac arrest while outside the hospital stood at 80 to 97% against 40 to 65% for those in the hospital.

Whilst the search engine is registering an increase in online CPR certification near me searches, there is still the need for certified CPR practitioners especially for children and infants. The physical-biological characteristics and natural habits put children and infants at a greater need for CPR.

What is CPR training?

CPR training is a procedure that is taught to provide first aid services to patients suffering from cardiac arrest and air blockage as a way of saving a life. Children and infants have a higher rate of survival if CPR is executed immediately.

Adults, children and infants have different needs when it comes to the execution of CPR. This is because of the variation of development when it comes to physiologists and structure which leads to the use of different techniques. Proper care has to be monitored when undertaking CPR training for children as using the wrong technique may cause more harm to infants and children rather than helping them.

CPR Training for Kids (Infants)

CPR training for Infants - CPR Select

Undergoing CPR training for kids is important because more than 50% of the children in need of CPR tend to be younger than 1 year with more than 6% requiring it at delivery especially if the weight is 1.5 kg or below.

The techniques used on infants during CPR training for kids takes into consideration the fragile and delicate physiological aspects of an infant. The procedure can be summarized as follows:

  • Checking the conscious state of the baby

Whether it is a child, adult or infant, a CPR practitioner is required to check the conscious state of the victim before the CPR. Determining the conscious state can be achieved by taping on the shoulder or shaking the victim which is not advisable for the infants.

For infants, give a light and gentle stroke or taping the soles of the foot and watch for reactions, movement or response.

  • The CPR procedure first before 911 Call

Most certified trainers assigned to you during CPR training for children will tell you that if you are caught between calling for emergency response and performing a CPR, you are to start the CPR immediately. This is because the chances of survival in children are increased by 70% when the CPR is performed as soon as the cardiac arrest occurs. In case there is a second party within the vicinity, then an emergency call and CPR can be done simultaneously.

  • Confirming the pulse 

Unlike for children and adults where the pulse is checked using a carotid artery, for infants we use the brachial artery. Checking for the pulse of an infant requires you to feel the inside of the upper arm. This where the brachial artery is found.

  • Provision of rescue breathes 

Infants have very fragile and small airwaves which makes their blockage easy. A lot of care has to also be taken when tilting the headed to avoid tilting it too far as it can block rather than clear the airwaves. When executing rescue breaths, put the child in a ‘sniffer’s position’ (tilt the head backwards in a way that the child appears to be sniffing the air). Be very gentle with every move and breath. Ensure that only the cheeks are used rather than the entirety of the lungs.

  • Execution of compressions 

Given the fragility and size of the babies, only two fingers placed at the center of the chest and gentle compressions executed. The compressions should be 1-1 ½ inches with a frequency of 2 breaths per 30 compressions.

CPR Training for Children

CPR Training for Children - CPR Select

The child tends to have fragile physiological aspects with an even more flexible bone structure. This means that the bones are more likely to bend whereas those of an adult will break. More physiological differences include a larger tongue as compared to the size of the mouth and narrower airwaves. If you combine these traits with the likelihood of them introducing foreign objects in the air tracks, we get a high percentage chance of children needing CPR more than adults.

More adults are encouraged to undertake online CPR certification to ensure that they are in a position to execute a proper CPR should the need arise. Most certified organizations provide online CPR training that makes any interested candidate a certified CPR practitioner.

The techniques used on children during CPR training for kids are the same as those used in adults. The procedure can be summarized as follows: 

  • The CPR procedure first before 911 Call

Just like any other online CPR training and certification classes, the instructions are usually to start performing CPR as soon as they occur before calling for emergency response. This is because, given the reliance of the younger person, the chances of survival in children are increased by 70% when the CPR is performed as soon as the cardiac arrest occurs.

The emergency response call should follow immediately after performing the CPR. The procedure includes five compressions and breathes cycles for approximately 2 minutes.

  • Provision of rescue breathes 

When providing rescue breaths, care should be taken given the fragility of the airwaves of children. With the head slightly tilted backwards, breathe gently. The head should not, therefore, be tilted too far to the back as it can lead to blockage of airwaves.

  • Execution of compressions 

The size of the child will determine if one or two hands will be used to provide the compressions. When executing compressions, ensure that the chest compresses to 1 ½ inch because of the size and physiological developments. The compressions for children and adults are the same; this means that for every 30 compressions, 2 breathes are needed.

  • The AED Alternative

Should you have AED within the vicinity, then you are advised to use it after five cycles of compression or approximately 2 minutes of performing CPR. The AED can be used together with pediatric pads.

If there has ever been a greater reason to attend online CPR certification, then saving a child’s life should be it. You don’t have to be a medical or pediatric practitioner to learn the skill because accidents like air blockages can occur anywhere especially at home. By acquiring knowledge and skills that will enable you to properly execute CPR on a child or infant, you could save multiple lives.