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American Heart Association: Guidelines, recommendations, training, certification, research

American Heart Association: Guidelines, recommendations, training, certification, research

The American Heart Association (AHA) is a leading organization in the United States that works to reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke. The AHA is committed to improving the cardiovascular health of all Americans through research, education, advocacy, and community-based programs. As part of this mission, the AHA provides guidelines, recommendations, training, certification, and research related to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

  • Guidelines: The AHA publishes evidence-based guidelines for CPR on an ongoing basis. These guidelines are based on scientific evidence and provide healthcare professionals with best practices for performing CPR in different situations. For example, the AHA’s 2020 Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care recommend chest compressions at a rate of 100–120 per minute with a depth of at least 2 inches
  • Recommendations: The AHA also makes recommendations regarding CPR training. For example, the AHA recommends that healthcare providers complete basic life support (BLS) training every two years in order to stay current with best practices for performing CPR.
  • Research: The AHA also supports research related to cardiopulmonary resuscitation through its Center for Resuscitation Science Research Program which funds projects aimed at improving outcomes from sudden cardiac arrest events worldwide. This program focuses on understanding why some people survive sudden cardiac arrest while others do not; developing new treatments or interventions; testing new technologies; or evaluating existing strategies or treatments related to cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcomes.
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Frequently Asked Questions

Is it advisable to give CPR on a child that suffers from drowning?

It is advisable to provide CPR to a child that suffers from drowning if the child is not breathing and has no pulse. If the drowning child victim has a pulse but not breathing, provide rescue breaths only.

Is it recommended to give CPR if the child has asthma?

If a child has asthma and their breathing stops and becomes non-responsive, you can perform child CPR, following the guidelines of the American Heart Association.

When performing CPR on an adult, is it always 30 chest compressions?

According to the American Heart Association guidelines, the recommended CPR ratio for adults is 30:2, regardless if there are 1 or 2 rescuers. This is because you must perform 30 chest compressions every two rescue breaths. In addition, the heart received better blood perfusion delivering oxygen because of the 30 compressions.

When do you perform CPR on a child?

It is necessary to perform CPR on an unconscious child with no pulse, breathing, or gasp. When performing CPR on a child, you must strictly follow the American Heart Association guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. The target rate for chest compressions for a child is 100-120 compressions per minute.

References

  • American Heart Association (2020). 2020 Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science [PDF]. Retrieved from https://eccguidelines-ahajournalsorg/data/Journals/CIRCEP/936018/cpr20_fullpdf
  • American Heart Association (n d). Basic Life Support Course Information [PDF]. Retrieved from https://wwwheartorg/-/media/_documents/education/cpr-ecc/healthcare-professionalstm-bldocx?la=en&hash=F8D6E05C00FF9E50F45EE0A5AE5CDD7CCFAFDBC2
  • American Heart Association (n d). Advanced Cardiac Life Support Course Information [PDF]. Retrieved from https://wwwheartorg/-/media/_documents/education/cpr-ecc/healthcare-professionalstm-aclsdocx?la=en&hash=BE1EDC6A27DA37AF0786F0DF9CFBD2F4DDBFE99B
  • American Heart Association (n d). Heartsaver Course Information [PDF]. Retrieved from https://wwwheartorg/-/media/_documents/education/cpr-eccheartsavercourseinformationpdf?la=en&hash=EC33B95EB1214ED09081FC7E78B19C35AA3AD867
  • American Heart Association Center For Resuscitation Science Research Program Overview [PDF]. Retrieved from https://wwwheartorg/-/media/_documentsfilescenterforresuscitationscienceresearchprogramoverviewpdf?la=en&hash=631785CAEA7548EF51BA59FB6A0211ABD2589DD3