The American Heart Association (AHA) is a leading organization in the United States that works to reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke. The AHA is committed to improving the cardiovascular health of all Americans through research, education, advocacy, and community-based programs. As part of this mission, the AHA provides guidelines, recommendations, training, certification, and research related to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
It is advisable to provide CPR to a child that suffers from drowning if the child is not breathing and has no pulse. If the drowning child victim has a pulse but not breathing, provide rescue breaths only.
If a child has asthma and their breathing stops and becomes non-responsive, you can perform child CPR, following the guidelines of the American Heart Association.
According to the American Heart Association guidelines, the recommended CPR ratio for adults is 30:2, regardless if there are 1 or 2 rescuers. This is because you must perform 30 chest compressions every two rescue breaths. In addition, the heart received better blood perfusion delivering oxygen because of the 30 compressions.
It is necessary to perform CPR on an unconscious child with no pulse, breathing, or gasp. When performing CPR on a child, you must strictly follow the American Heart Association guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. The target rate for chest compressions for a child is 100-120 compressions per minute.