Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries as it circulates through the body. It is a critical indicator of cardiovascular health and can provide valuable information about the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other conditions.
Blood pressure is measured using two numbers: systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure when the heart beats and pumps blood, while diastolic blood pressure is the pressure when the heart is at rest between beats. Blood pressure is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is typically reported as systolic over diastolic, such as 120/80 mmHg.
Normal blood pressure is considered to be less than 120/80 mmHg. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition in which blood pressure is consistently elevated above normal levels and can lead to serious health complications if left untreated.
Blood pressure can be managed through lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and reducing salt intake. Medications may also be prescribed to lower blood pressure, particularly for individuals with underlying medical conditions or who have high blood pressure that is difficult to manage through lifestyle changes alone.
It is important to monitor blood pressure regularly, particularly for individuals with underlying medical conditions or who are at increased risk of developing hypertension. Blood pressure readings can be obtained through regular check-ups with a healthcare provider, as well as through home monitoring devices.
Overall, blood pressure is a critical indicator of cardiovascular health and can provide valuable information about the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other conditions. By understanding the definition, measurement, and management of blood pressure, individuals can take proactive steps to maintain and improve their cardiovascular health. Regular CPR/AED recertification can help you stay up-to-date with the latest techniques and protocols for managing cardiac emergencies and maintaining cardiovascular health.