Chest compressions are an essential part of CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and are performed to help maintain blood flow to the brain and other vital organs in a person who has stopped breathing or has no pulse.
Even if you perform CPR correctly, there's a chance that it will cause the ribs to break if you push down the chest so hard. But it's essential to know that when a victim doesn't have a pulse or breathing, he is practically dead. So you can't make the situation worse. The only thing that you can do is to provide proper CPR by following the recommended depth of chest compressions and CPR compression rate since fractured ribs can be treated after.
Yes, you can perform chest compressions without rescue breath, especially if the person is breathing or if you are uncomfortable giving rescue breaths without a barrier device. This is called "Hands-only CPR," wherein you will perform continuous chest compressions without rescue breathing.
You must compress on the sternum instead of the stomach because a big, sturdy bone called the sternum sits above the heart. The heart will be squeezed if you press down on this bone, resulting in manual pumping. By performing CPR Steps, you can keep the victim alive until emergency help arrives by ensuring that blood gets to essential body parts. In addition, pressing the sternum reduces the possibility of breaking ribs. It can harm the ribcage or worsen the lung tissues if we push on the left side of the lung, which is where people wrongly think the heart is.
There is a possibility that performing chest compression can break the sternum or ribs. This happens because rescuers need to squeeze the chest around 1½ inches deep during CPR. This CPR compression depth is enough to fracture or break a rib or crack the sternum. However, it's essential to remember that rib fractures can heal. This is better than losing the life of an infant without CPR.
While the AED is prepared for use, continue giving chest compressions and rescue breathing. When the AED is ready to analyze the heart rhythm, it will advise you to pause CPR and stand CLEAR. When the shock has been given, the defibrillator will let you know whether you need to continue performing CPR.
Chest compressions won't be harmful if you do the procedure correctly. However, compressing the infant's chest too deep and fast could cause rib fractures and damage the infant's heart. So it's important to follow the recommended compression rate for CPR.