Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an essential lifesaving procedure that combines chest compressions and artificial ventilation. People who work in the health care and service industry are strongly encouraged to have knowledge of basic life support so they may assist any member of the public in the event of a cardiac emergency, heart attack, or near-drowning. Emergency situations happen every day, and it’s imperative to have the knowledge and confidence required to save lives with CPR. Here’s what you need to know about performing CPR for Adult and Child.
Importance of CPR
A cardiac arrest can lead to permanent brain damage and the victim will die within eight minutes if they don’t receive CPR because their major organs do not receive oxygen-rich blood when the heart stops. If performed immediately after cardiac arrest, CPR can triple the victim’s chances of survival.
People without first aid training can still save lives by using the CPR steps. This urgency makes performing CPR vital for keeping someone’s life when they collapse from cardiac arrest. CPR manually pumps the blood, allowing it to continue to carry oxygen to the organs until an emergency medical professional can take over. Bystander CPR saves lives in those first critical minutes after cardiac arrest occurs, where stepping in and taking action can be the difference between the victim’s life and death.
How to perform CPR for Adult and Child
Before beginning CPR for both adults and kids, there are guidelines or emergency procedure that must be followed. The American Heart Association is a world leader in first aid and CPR and develops science-based guidelines for performing CPR. The recommendations below are based on the 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.
1. Assess if the environment is safe. If the setting is unsafe, the person who is performing CPR should move the victim to a more secure environment whenever it’s possible to do so.
2. Check to see if the victim is responsive. Do this by tapping their shoulder and asking loudly, “Are you ok?” Next, check their neck or wrist to detect a pulse. If the victim has a pulse, do not perform chest compressions and proceed directly to rescue breathing. If there is no response and the victim does not have a pulse, begin CPR.
3. Call 911. If you are alone, call 911 and place the call on speakerphone, so you have your hands free to perform CPR. If there’s another person on the scene, ask them to call 911.
4. Open the Airway. Check their mouth and throat are clear. Remove any blockages in the mouth or nose, such as vomit, blood, and food, then gently tilt their head back and lift their chin.
5. Check the Breathing. Check if the person is breathing abnormally or not breathing at all after 10 seconds. If they breathe normally, place them in the recovery position and stay with them.
6. CPR. If the cardiac arrest victim is still not breathing normally, start CPR. Chest compressions are the most crucial part of CPR. Chest compressions rate is 100-120 compressions per minute.
7. Automated External Defibrillator. If an AED is available, turn it on and attach pads to the victim’s chest. An AED will analyze heart rhythm every 2 minutes, and it will give a shock if needed. Continue to provide CPR in between each analysis cycle.
Carry out chest compressions
To do chest compressions, use your fingers to locate the end of the victim’s breastbone, where the ribs come together. First, place two fingers at the tip of the breastbone. Next, place the heel of your other hand above your fingers, on the side closest to the victim’s face. Then put the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand, so your hands are stacked.
Push hard and fast in the center of the chest until emergency medical help arrives. You can use the weight of your body to add strength to your pushes. It’s important to push, giving 100 to 120 compressions per minute. For adults, the recommended compression depth is at least 2 inches deep. For a child is at least ⅓ the depth of the chest size, or 2 inches deep.
Mouth to Mouth Breathing (Rescue Breathing)
Only CPR-trained bystanders can give mouth-to-mouth breathing. If you are trained, use the fingers of your one hand to pinch the victim’s nose shut to prevent air from escaping through their nose. For adults and older children, cover the mouth with yours, forming a proper seal so that air doesn’t escape. For smaller children, form a complete seal around the mouth and nose. If it’s hard to form a good seal this way, try a mouth-to-nose or mouth-to-mouth resuscitation instead.
Give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation by gently breathing into the victim’s mouth, and should last about 1 second. Check for chest movement as you give the first rescue breath. If you don’t see the chest rise on the initial rescue breaths, open the airway again and give additional rescue breaths.
Continue giving 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths until emergency medical services arrive or advanced emergency care becomes available or until you see signs of life or normal breathing. If they start moving, coughing, or talking, put the victim in a recovery position. Doing CPR can be exhausting so if possible, with minimal interruption, swap between doing mouth-to-mouth and compressions so you can keep going with effective compressions.
What are the types of CPR?
The American Heart Association (AHA) outlines two types of CPR – Hands-only CPR and Conventional CPR. Hands-only CPR, also known as chest compression-only CPR, does not involve rescue breaths, while conventional CPR includes chest compressions and rescue breaths.
Both types are effective, and it’s important to remember that any attempt at CPR is better than not performing it at all. If an individual has not received formal training in CPR, the American Heart Association recommends that they use hands-only CPR. If they are, it is recommended to use CPR combined with rescue breathing. CPR certified
The American Heart Association suggests that individuals who are performing CPR follow the acronym CAB. It is similar to the process outlined above. However, there are several significant changes to note. If an individual is alone, they should perform five cycles of chest compressions and rescue breathing before pausing to call 911.
If alone, perform CPR at the 30:2 compressions to breaths ratio, but if there are two rescuing individuals, they should use a 15:2 ratio. Also, as children are smaller than adults, rescuers should remember to compress as deep as 1/3 of the depth of the chest, or approximately 1.5 inches or less for younger children.
Other Important Things to Know About CPR
In addition to the steps above, there are several points to know about the CPR technique. Most importantly, it’s critical to remember that CPR facilitates blood pumping to the organs after cardiac arrest, but it does not restart the heart. The only way to restart the heart after it has stopped is to use an AED or for medical professionals to restart it in a hospital or under professional emergency care.
Many people are concerned about causing further harm to the victim, but this will likely not be the case. There is a chance of cracking or breaking the victim’s ribs when performing CPR, more likely with female victims. However, it’s important to note that this occurs when CPR is done in the hospital. Rescuers should not concern themselves with hurting the victim when they should focus on saving their life.
Remember that performing bystander CPR of any kind, whether hands-only or CPR combined with rescue breathing, is always better than not stepping in.
What are the Benefits of CPR Certification?
Knowing how to perform CPR is an important life skill for anyone and is especially relevant for professionals who serve the greater public. CPR certification provides an individual with all the tools they need to comply with American Heart Association, Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC), and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines. The steps described above demonstrate the many nuances of the CPR technique, providing further reason for individuals to master CPR through formal certification. perform CPR in an emergency
CPR Certification lets others know that a person has more than just general knowledge about CPR, allowing individuals to become leaders within their organization who can teach this valuable skill to their colleagues. Having CPR certification also puts people at an advantage when seeking work in the service sector because their lifesaving skill set is in high demand among health and safety-conscious employers.
How to Become CPR Certified?
It’s easy for anyone to learn CPR and become certified. An individual has several options for obtaining certification. First, training can occur in person at a workshop or hands-on class. Typically, hospitals, community centers, and other health organizations offer this course on evenings and weekends. The other way to obtain CPR certification is through an online course. Online CPR training classes are ideal for people with busy schedules or those who live in areas where they don’t have regular access to CPR courses.
It’s evident that there’s a need for CPR training for professionals, especially those who work in the service industry who encounter increased possibilities for acting in emergencies. Earning a CPR certification is the best way to ensure that an individual has the skills and knowledge to use CPR to increase the cardiac arrest victim’s chance of survival, and save a life when required.
Online CPR certification gives professionals of all types the training and confidence they need to perform CPR in a comfortable and convenient format that can be completed anytime. Visit CPR Select’s informative website and learn more about the nationally accepted CPR Select.