CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an emergency procedure used to restore the circulation of oxygenated blood to the brain and other vital organs. It is performed when a person experiences cardiac arrest and when the heart stops beating. CPR is a lifesaving technique to keep a person alive until medical help arrives.
CPR consists of two main steps: chest compressions and rescue breaths.
Chest compressions are performed by pressing the victim's chest in a rhythmic pattern. This keeps the heart pumping and circulating oxygenated blood to the brain and other vital organs.
Rescue breaths are performed by giving two breaths into the victim's mouth. This is done to help keep the lungs inflated and to provide oxygen to the victim.
Following the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines is crucial when performing CPR. The AHA recommends that chest compressions be performed at 100-120 compressions per minute and that rescue breaths should be given at a rate of one breath every 5-6 seconds. It is also vital to ensure that the chest compressions are deep enough (at least 2 inches) and that the rescue breaths are given enough force to make the chest rise.
CPR is an essential skill that everyone should learn. It can be learned in various ways, including online courses, in-person classes, or even through videos. It is necessary to stay updated with the latest guidelines from the AHA as they are constantly being updated.
Every second counts in saving a person's life in such an emergency. It is essential to perform CPR within the first ten minutes after the incident occurs. If the brain oxygen supply is cut off for ten minutes, the person can have permanent brain damage with almost zero chances of survival. According to recent research, performing CPR increases the chances of survival for cardiac arrest patients by 40%. Important to note is that CPR only applies to unconscious persons who are not breathing.