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bloodborne

Bloodborne: biohazard, contamination, universal precautions, side effects, personal protective equipment

Bloodborne: biohazard, contamination, universal precautions, side effects, personal protective equipment

Bloodborne diseases are infectious diseases that are caused by the exchange of bodily fluids between individuals, such as through sexual contact, blood transfusions, needle sharing, and more. They can be caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria and can be transmitted through contact with infected blood and body fluids. These diseases can have various side effects, ranging from mild to severe, and even cause death in some cases.

Biohazard is a term used to describe any material (such as blood, body fluids, or tissues) that may contain infectious organisms. Examples of biohazards include blood, saliva, feces, vomit, and other body fluids. Biohazards can cause various infections, including HIV, hepatitis B and C, and other diseases.

Contamination is the process by which harmful substances enter an environment, such as a home, workplace, or water supply. Contamination can occur when a biohazardous material is improperly disposed of, or when a person is exposed to a contaminated substance. Contamination can be prevented through proper disposal of biohazardous materials, handling contaminated materials, and disinfection of surfaces.

Universal precautions are a set of guidelines that healthcare workers must follow to protect themselves and their patients from the risk of contracting a bloodborne disease. Universal precautions include using personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, masks, gowns, and goggles. They also include handwashing, disposal of contaminated materials, and other safety measures.

Side effects of bloodborne diseases can vary depending on the type of disease. Common side effects include fever, fatigue, joint pain, rashes, nausea, and vomiting. More severe side effects can include organ damage, neurological damage, and even death.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is equipment that is worn by healthcare workers to protect them from exposure to biohazards and other infectious materials. Examples of PPE include gloves, masks, gowns, and goggles. It is important for healthcare workers to use PPE properly and to dispose of it properly after use to prevent the spread of infection.

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References

  • CDC. (2020) “Bloodborne Pathogens.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/bloodborne/index.html
  • WHO. (2020). “Universal Precautions.” World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/infection-prevention/universal-precautions/en/
  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). “Bloodborne Diseases: Symptoms and Causes.” Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bloodborne-diseases/symptoms-causes/syc-20353076
  • OSHA. (2020). “Personal Protective Equipment.” Occupational Safety and Health Administration. https://www.osha.gov/personal-protective-equipment