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First Aid: Assessment, Treatment, Safety

First Aid: Assessment, Treatment, Safety

First aid is the initial care provided to a person who has been injured or is in need of medical care, usually before professional medical help arrives. First aid is intended to minimize the impact of an injury or illness and prevent it from worsening. It is important to remember that the primary goal of first aid is to preserve life, prevent further injury, and promote recovery.

Assessment: When providing first aid, rescuers should act calmly and efficiently. The rescuer should assess the situation, determine what type of first aid is needed, and then provide it in an organized manner. The rescuer should follow the instructions of the local emergency medical services or health care provider if they arrive on the scene.

Treatment: The most common types of first aid are wound care, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the Heimlich maneuver, controlling bleeding, and splinting broken bones. Wound care includes cleaning and covering the wound with a bandage.

  • CPR involves chest compressions and rescue breathing to keep a person's heart and lungs functioning.
  • Heimlich maneuver is used to dislodge items stuck in a person's throat.
  • Controlling bleeding involves applying pressure to a wound to slow or stop the bleeding.
  • Splinting broken bones involves using a splint or brace to immobilize the injured area.


Safety: When providing first aid, it is important to ensure the safety of both the rescuer and the person receiving care. Rescuers should wear protective gloves and other appropriate protective gear when providing first aid. It is also important to assess the situation before providing care and to limit the movement of the injured person to prevent further injury.

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  • National Safety Council. (2020). First Aid. Retrieved from
  • Safety and Health Magazine. (2020). First Aid: Treament and Safety for Rescuers. Retrieved from