First aid kit contains a set of medical supplies and other equipment used to administer first aid to an injured person during an emergency situation. It’s essential to keep a first aid kit readily available in your home, cottage, car, boat, workplace, and recreation area so you can deal with minor accidents and injuries. A well stocked first aid kit is a handy thing to have. Here are some of the standard first aid kits that you should have at home, workplace, vehicle, and when you travel.
First Aid Kit at Home:
First Aid Kit at home should contain the following:
- Sterile gauze pads (dressings) in small and large squares to place over wounds
- Adhesive tape
- Roller and triangular bandages to hold dressings in place or to make an arm sling
- Adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
- cold compress
- Safety pins
- Instant ice packs
- Disposable non-latex gloves, such as surgical or examination gloves
- Flashlight, with extra batteries in a separate bag
- Antiseptic wipes or soap
- Pencil and pad
- Emergency blanket
- Eye patches
- Epinephrine auto-injector
Other items one may also have at their emergency first aid kit at home:
- Breathing barrier devices, such as a pocket mask or face shield
- emergency phone or coins for the payphone
- Canadian Red Cross first aid manual
- Emergency telephone numbers for EMS/9-1-1, your local poison control center, and your personal doctors
- Home and office phone numbers for family members, friends, or neighbors who can help.
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Emergency First Aid for Workplace:
Emergency first aid in the workplace is also essential in case a fatal disaster happens during business hours. For example, the office may suffer structural damage, and electricity may be out for a couple of days. There may also be injuries like cuts and strains requiring medical attention when no emergency assistance will be available.
Emergency Supplies Kit for the workplace should contain the following:
- Four liters of water per person per day (use sealed, unbreakable containers and replace the supply every six months)
- Packaged or canned food that won’t go bad, and a can opener (replace the food once a year)
- Walking shoes, rain gear, and a change of clothing
- Blankets or sleeping bags
- A first aid kit and prescription medications (check the medications every six months to make sure they haven’t passed their expiry date)
- Toilet paper and other personal supplies
- An extra pair of glasses
- Battery-powered radio and flashlight, along with extra batteries
- Spare cash
- An extra set of car keys
- A list of your family doctors
- Important family information such as a list of any medical conditions or medical devices, such as pacemakers
- Photocopies of all necessary identification for you and your family, including health card numbers
- Special items for babies, elderly, or disabled household members
- Cell phone and contact information for family and friends
In some cases, personal protective equipment may be required for employees as part of a safety program. Store the emergency supplies in a backpack or a duffle bag so you can take them with you if you have to evacuate the area.
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Emergency First Aid Kit for Cars/vehicles:
Having a first aid equipment for your car is one of the best ways to prepare yourself and your family for any emergencies you may encounter. Whether you’re simply commuting to and from work, heading out to run your daily errands, or going on an exciting family road trip, it’s always a good idea to be prepared for anything that may happen along the way.
Emergency First Aid Kit for car/vehicles should contain the following:
- Battery-powered radio and flashlight, with extra batteries
- A blanket
- Booster (jumper) cables
- A fire extinguisher
- Bottled water and high-energy foods that won’t go bad (replace the water every six months and the food once a year)
- Maps of the area
- A shovel
- A tire repair kit and pump
- Matches and a “survival” candle in a deep can burn for many hours
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Travel First Aid Kits Contents
Travel first aid supplies need to be more complete because a drug store may or may not be accessible in your area. In addition to the basic medical items, the travel first aid kit should contain items to help relieve the common symptoms of allergies and viral respiratory infections.
Here are the basic first-aid items that you need when you travel:
- Antibacterial wipes
- Hand sanitizer
- Instant cold pack
- Pain reliever
- Self-adhesive wrap
For skin problems, include these things in your emergency kit to take care of skin mishaps:
- Aloe vera gel
- Antibiotic ointment
- Calamine lotion
- Gauze roller bandage (at least 2 inches wide)
- Medical tape
It would be best if you’re also ready for digestive troubles with these items:
- Anti-diarrhea medication
- Laxatives or stool softeners
- Motion sickness medication
Sneezes and coughs are a bummer when you’re traveling. Include these medications to help you feel better:
- Antihistamine for allergic reaction
- Cold relief medication
- Cough suppressant
- Saline nasal spray
Where to Keep Your First Aid Kit?
The best place to keep your emergency first aid kit at home is in the kitchen because most family activities happen in the kitchen. Avoid putting your first aid kit in the bathroom because it has too much humidity, which shortens the shelf life of items. A first aid kit in the car should be like the home emergency first aid kit. For that matter, you can keep similar first aid kits in your travel trailer, mobile home, camper, cabin, vacation home, and wherever you spend time. When traveling, a first aid kit must be kept in a water resistant bag, backpack, or fanny pack, depending on the activity.
How to Use a First Aid Kit?
Having first aid kit essentials handy is not enough. You have to make sure you know how to properly use all of the items in your kit, especially the medications. It would be beneficial if someone in the family is trained rain others in your family to use the kit. You may also prepare the children for medical emergencies in age appropriate ways. Always check the kit twice a year and replace expired medication or drugs.
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You can purchase a first aid kit at drugstores or a local Red Cross office, or make one of your own. If you decide to make one, choose containers for your kits that are roomy, durable, easy to carry, and simple to open. Plastic tackle boxes or containers for storing art supplies are ideal, since they’re lightweight, have handles, and offer a lot of space. A first aid training and certification class should be reviewed periodically to ensure your existing first aid kit continues to meet the requirements and that your supplies are fresh and up to date.