Hands-Only CPR is a method of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation without giving rescue breathing or mouth-to-mouth breaths. It is only composed of continuous chest compressions of adequate compression rate and depth. This method focuses on maintaining blood flow to the vital organs and brain.
Recent guidelines by the American Heart Association promote Hands-Only CPR as an acceptable way for bystanders to help a cardiac arrest victim. The method is gaining popularity because it’s an attractive option to bystanders who are usually less than willing to give mouth-to-mouth breathing.
Learn how to do hands-only CPR properly using the four easy steps below.
4 Steps to Perform Hands-Only
1. Check Responsiveness
Tap the victim’s shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?” Check the pulse and breathing. Call 911 if there is no response
2. Do Chest Compressions
To do chest compressions, place the heel of your hand on the center of the person’s chest and the other hand on top of your first hand, lacing fingers together.
Push hard and fast, compressing chest at 100-120 compressions per minute.
3. Stop if:
Stop chest compressions if the person starts breathing normally, you are too exhausted to continue, or if a trained responder or emergency medical services team takes over.
4. Use an AED
Turn on the AED device (Automated External Defibrillator) and wipe the chest dry. Push the “Analyze” button if necessary. If an electric shock is advised, push the “shock” button.
Is Hands-Only CPR Effective?
The American Heart Association studies show that about 90 percent of victims who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests die. Hands-Only CPR (continuous chest compressions) is the only easy and effective way for any bystander to double or triple an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victim’s chances of survival, especially if they act immediately.
Being equipped with the knowledge to perform the steps of CPR properly can come in handy in times of medical emergency. If you want to know how to do Hands-Only CPR, find a CPR/AED class near you. In addition, taking a CPR certification class will give you the ability to provide immediate support and confidence to help someone.