Ensuring Effectiveness of Chest Compressions During CPR

You can achieve a high chest compression fraction by compressing the victim’s chest at a rate of 100–120 compressions per minute to a depth of 2–2.4 inches. Avoiding leaning on the chest to allow for full chest wall recoil after each compression and minimize pauses in compressions.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a lifesaving technique used when emergencies occur to increase the patient’s chance of survival while waiting for the emergency medical team to arrive. These medical situations include near-drowning, heart attack, and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. CPR comprises chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth respiration. CPR allows blood oxygen to circulate to the brain and the heart, which are vital organs. CPR keeps the patient alive until further advanced procedures like defibrillation, an electric shock to the chest- are done to treat the cardiac arrest. Without enough oxygenated blood may lead to brain damage after a few minutes. Therefore, there are minimal chances of recurring cardiac arrest because the patient suffers.

Why Should You Learn CPR?

Anyone, including workplace employees and healthcare workers, should learn how to perform effective CPR procedure since it has the following benefits:

  • You can learn valuable life skills.
  • You can help prevent brain death.
  • You can keep their families safe.
  • You feel confident in case an accident occurs.
  • You help to save lives, among others.

Also Read- A Study sGuide for CPR/AED Class

In addition, CPR can be learned by anyone, even if you are not working in the emergency medical field. It can be learned by parents or anyone who just wants to be prepared for medical emergencies. Online certification is a great way to be trained and certified in first aid and lifesaving CPR skills.

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When is CPR Needed?

CPR should be used when an adult stops breathing. In an infant or a child, CPR should be used when breathing is not normal. It is recommended to use Pediatric CPR if the child or an adult is not responding when you tap or talk to them. The following are some of the circumstances that may cause breathing to stop, and CPR might be carried out on the patient:

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chest compressions

Basic CPR Steps:

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation can significantly improve a person’s survival rate if they stop breathing or suffer a heart attack. Here are the basic steps of CPR:

Step 1. Contact Emergency Response Team:

First, ensure that you are not in danger, like falling masonry or fire. Now check the person if they need help. If they are not replying after tapping them on their shoulder and shouting to them if they are okay, contact emergency response teams like 911 or ask a bystander to contact them for you before carrying out CPR.

Step 2. Lay the patient on their back and open their airway:

Carefully, place the patient on their back, followed by kneeling beside their chest. Lift their chin by tilting their head back slightly. Open their mouth and look for any blockage, like vomit and remove them by any means necessary.

Step 3. Inspect if the person is breathing:

Position your ear close to the patient’s mouth and listen intently for about 10 seconds. If the person is not breathing, begin CPR. Avoid performing CPR if the person is unconscious and they are breathing. Keep tracking their breathing and start performing CPR if breathing stops.

Step 4. Carry Out 30 Chest Compressions:

Put one of your hands on top of the other and clasp them together. Keeping your elbows straight together with the heel of the hand, push fast and hard on the chest center, just below the nipples. For an adult, push at least 2 inches deep. Compress the chest at a rate of 100 times per minute, letting the chest fully rise between the compressions.

For a child, use one hand and place it at the center of their chest (sternum). Press down fast and hard around one-third depth of the chest, at 100 times per minute. For an infant, use two fingers, placing them at the sternum, slightly below the chest, and between the nipples. Carry out about 30 compressions which are about 1.5 inches deep.

Step 5. Carry out Rescue Breaths:

After tilting their head back slightly and lifting their chin, making sure that the mouth is apparent, shut their nose by a pinch. Put your mouth over theirs fully and blow air in, making the chest rise. Repeat the breaths making sure the chest rises again.