How to Find if Chest Compressions Are Effective During CPR?

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR, is a lifesaving technique that is used when emergencies occur. It includes near-drowning or heart attack where heartbeats or breathing has stopped. CPR comprises chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth respiration. CPR allows blood oxygenated to circulate to the brain and the heart, which are vital organs. CPR keeps the patient alive until further advanced procedures-like defibrillation, an electric shock to the chest- are done to treat the cardiac arrest. Lack of enough oxygenated blood may lead to brain damage after few minutes. Therefore, because the patient suffers, there are minimal chances of recurring cardiac arrest.

Workers and health care workers should learn how to perform effective CPR procedure since it has the following importance’s;

  • They can learn valuable life skills.
  • They can help prevent brain death.
  • They can keep their families safe.
  • They feel confident in case an accident occurs.
  • They help to save lives, among others.

Online CPR certification can be learned by anyone, including people working in the medical field, parents, or anyone who just wants to be prepared for medical emergencies. Online certification is a great way to be trained and become certified in first aid skills and lifesaving CPR. They are taught in some community centers or schools and have proven to be very valuable. CPR training centers have significantly increased because most employers and hospitals require their employees to learn and acquire certifications for CPR. Online CPR classes have also been created, which are more accessible and convenient for individuals or workers who are only available on weekends or during their off days.

Online CPR training is perfect for professionals who work with busy schedules or 9-5 jobs. The program can be flexible, affordable and anyone can finish the course at their own pace. A person can decide to learn the course online from anywhere, and when their schedule clears up, they can now choose to have their hands-on training. The important thing here is to acquire CPR skills, either for career reasons or for employment, whether acquired online or in physical learning, to face health and medical emergencies with confidence.

CPR should be used when a grown-up stops breathing at all. In an infant or a child, CPR should be used when their breathing is not normal. It is recommended to use CPR if the child or an adult is not responding when you tap or talk to them. The following are some of the circumstances that may cause breathing to stop, and CPR might be carried out to the patient:

  • a heart attack or cardiac arrest
  • near-drowning
  • poisoning
  • suffocation
  • a road accident
  • chocking
  • electrocution
  • an alcohol or drug overdose, and
  • suspected infant death syndrome

CPR can significantly improve a person’s chances of surviving if they stop breathing or suffer a heart attack.

The basic CPR steps should be initiated:

  • Contact emergency response teams.
  • Place the patient on their back and open their airway.
  • Inspect if the person is breathing; if they are not breathing, start CPR.
  • Carry out 30 chest compressions.
  • Carry out 2 rescue breaths.
  • Repeat the above processes until the emergency response team or an external defibrillator (AED) arrives.

Step 1. Contact Emergency Response Team.

First, ensure that you are not in any danger, like falling masonry or fire. Now check the person if they need help. If they are not replying after tapping them on their shoulder and shouting to them if they are okay, contact emergency response teams like 911 or ask a bystander to contact them for you before carrying out CPR.

Step 2. Lay the patient on their back and open their airway.

Carefully, place the patient on their back, followed by kneeling beside their chest. Lift their chin by tilting their head back slightly. Open their mouth and look for any blockage, like vomit and remove them, by any means necessary.

Step 3. Inspect if the person is breathing.

Position your ear close to the patient’s mouth and listen intently for about 10 seconds or more. If the person is not breathing, begin CPR. Avoid performing CPR if the person is unconscious and they are breathing. Keep tracking their breathing and start performing CPR if breathing stops.

Step 4. Carry Out 30 Chest Compressions.

Put one of your hands on top of the other and clasp them together. Keeping your elbows straight together with the heel of the hand, push fast and hard on the chest center, just below the nipples. For an adult, push at least 2 inches deep. Compress the chest at a rate of 100times per minute, letting the chest fully rise between the compressions. For a child, use one hand and place it at the center of their chest (sternum). Press down fast and hard around one-third depth of the chest, at a rate of 100 times per minute. For an infant, use 2 fingers, placing them at the sternum, slightly below the chest, and between the nipples. Carry out about 30 compressions which are about 1.5 inches deep.

Step 5. Carry out Rescue Breaths.

After tilting their head back slightly and lifting their chin, making sure that the mouth is apparent, shut their nose by a pinch. Put your mouth over theirs fully and blow air in, making the chest rise. Repeat the breaths making sure the chest rises again.

Step 6. Repeat the above process.

Repeat the cycle of about 30 compressions accompanied by two rescue breaths until help arrives or the patient regains breathing. If an AED is available, continue performing CPR until the machine is set up and ready to use.

Administering timely Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is sometimes referred to as the difference between life and death. For CPR to be more effective and accurate, some critical parameters must be carried out carefully. 

The following factors should be considered to ensure perfect CPR:

Compression Rate

The clear priority during CPR is establishing effective compressions for the patient. If the rescuer cannot coordinate the patient’s breathing, like finding it too time-consuming or unpleasant, the patient may die. An effective chest compression alone has a lot of benefits. Compression rate, which measures how fast CPR is performed, should be between 100 and 120 compressions in one minute. The person administering CPR should ensure that chest compressions are not too slow. If the compressions are too slow, the blood is not being circulated efficiently around the body. On the other hand, if compressions are very fast, the heart is not given enough time to be filled with blood. This means that the cardiac output will definitely fall off. Thus for effective CPR procedure, compression rate should be performed carefully professionally.

Compression Depth

Compression depth is another factor that should be considered very crucial for effective compressions during CPR. It measures how deep the center of the chest – sternum- is pushed down when CPR is being performed. For most adults, the preferred depth compression is two inches. The chest should be allowed to fully recoil after every compression. This is equally important as it will enable the heart to be filled with blood which consequently helps to improve cardiac output.

Compression Fraction

Compression fraction simply means the amount of time taken during a cardiac arrest while performing a CPR procedure. It also means that for cardiac output to build up again, it will take time. It is therefore, reasonable to minimize interruptions during CPR so that high-quality resuscitation is gained. Suppose the bystander administering CPR gets tired and wants to exchange with another person to continue administering CPR. In that case, the exchange should not exceed 10 seconds. The compressions should continue as the other rescuers place an AED if it is available.

Ventilatory Rate

For patients that require ventilation, ventilation rate is the rate at which ventilations are delivered mostly through a bag-valve mask. Ventilation rate should be regulated as hyperventilating or over ventilating can greatly affect the outcome of effective CPR. For instance, increased pressure in the chest cavity may be caused by too much ventilation.

Conclusion 

In conclusion, every person should make an effort to acquire CPR skills because they can be beneficial if an accident occurs, be it at home at the workplace. These skills may help to save lives, prevent brain damage of a person under cardiac arrest and keep family members safe, among other benefits. One should also ensure that chest compressions are effective during CPR by considering such factors as compression rate, compression depth, compression factor, and ventilator rate. This can be achieved through online CPR certifications for workers with tight schedules at work. They can learn how to perform high-quality procedures. This way, accidents and death at the workplace and even at home are reduced tremendously.

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